Taiwan's autonomy under the Authority of the U.S.
It has been seven decades since the post-war proxy military occupation over Taiwan by Generalissimo Chian Kai-shek. Though the status has yet to determine, Taiwan has made tremendous achievements, including the "Economic Rehabilitation" and the "Political Reconstruction" under the authority and the support of the U.S.
The idea of the "Economic Rehabilitation" means to transform Taiwan from a state-controlled colonial economy to a self-sustaining free-market economy. With hard efforts, Taiwan became self-reliant in the 70s and paid off the last external debt on September 16, 2011.
The goal of the "Political Reconstruction" is to change Taiwan from a colonial and authoritarian rule society to a vivid democratic country. Just as expected, the Taiwanese established the legitimate President and a government in 1996 by a popular vote. Taiwan is now a democratic autonomous country, like any of the Dominions of the Commonwealth over the world.
Though Taiwan and its people are self-reliant; however, China and the U.S. strongly opposed the idea raised by former President Chen Sui-Bian to promote a "quasi-independence" plebiscite in 2004. Taiwanese became confused: "does not it the core value for the U.S. to support the democracy?"
It is not exceptional. Our neighboring country the Philippines Republic had a history alike.
In the late 19th century, the Filipinos devoted themselves to the independence movement. The Filipinos organized troops, established government and declared independence from Spain during the U.S.-Spain War of 1898.
Due to the defeat, Spain ceded the Philippines to the U.S. in the U.S.-Spain Treaty of Paris. Though the U.S. alleged no intention to annex the territory of the Philippines islands and supported Emilio Aguinaldo, the nationalist leader of the Philippines, the U.S. nevertheless sent troops to repressing the Philippines government and curbing the unrest. The Filipinos became confused "How could this happen?"
In fact, for the territorial sovereignty of the Philippines Islands was transferred to the U.S. from Spain in 1898, the U.S., therefore, became the administering authority which bore the ultimate political responsibility. The whole process of the independence of the Philippines Islands should be under the authority and supervision of the U.S. Constitution to make it legitimate.
治理一段時間後，美國在1907年通過〈菲律賓法〉，授權民政治理、賦予菲律賓人美國國籍；1934年通過又〈菲律賓獨立法〉，授權菲律賓制憲、允許經10年菲律賓群島自治國（the Commonwealth of the Philippines Islands）階段後獨立，同時將邀請國際社會承認新的菲律賓共和國。
After the military rule for years, the U.S. Congress passed the Philippines Act in 1907 to provide the civil administration and to grant the Philipinos U.S. citizenship. The U.S. further passed the Philippines Independence Act, known as the Tydings-McDuffie Act, of 1934, authorized the Philippines to be independent after the Commonwealth of the Philippines Islands for 10 years. The U.S. would then invite all the existing States to recognize the Republic of the Philippines a new sovereignty state.
同樣的，基於條約義務與國家利益，美國並非反對民主或附和中國，而是反對台灣當局「片面改變地位」。獨立雖是台灣人民天賦的政治權利，但台灣地位卻非〈台灣關係法〉中，僅擁有行政權，自稱為「中華民國」的台灣治理當局（Taiwan Governing authorities）所能決定。
Similarly, the U.S. neither deny the democracy of Taiwan nor endorse the standpoint of China over Taiwan, what the U.S. opposes is "unilateral change of status."
Though becoming an independent State is the inherent political rights of Taiwanese; however, the change of status of Taiwan is not a thing under the jurisdiction of the Taiwan Governing Authority (TGA), known as the "Republic of China," which is defined in the Taiwan Relations Act. TGA, whatever the names may be, has no power to decide the future of Taiwan unilaterally.
Considering the precedent of the Philippines, we wonder what the consequence might be if President Chen made the independence plebiscite real in 2004? The U.S. might invade Taiwan and replaced TGA. The U.S. move might also give PLA an excuse to send its troops to patrol the coastline, if not landing.
Shortly before the 1970s, the U.S. has drafted a grand strategy to dissolve the U.S.S.R. by inviting and support China to get into the international system, including encouraging Beijing to be democratized. If the strategy succeeded, the Taiwan question, even Taiwan becomes a part of China, would never be a problem.
Half-century has passed, China has proved to have no intention to honor the rules-based international orders even it took advantage of the system. China, instead, shows no interest in democracy and relies on military expansionism more than ever.
It is out of the question that Beijing will intervene in Taiwan's Election of 2020 through sending proxy candidates and spreading the fake news.
There is no free lunch. The People on Taiwan who are qualified to cast votes in 2020 must be responsible to choose an appropriate candidate to be the President. It is much truer amid the U.S. is shifting traditional policy toward Taiwan.