網頁

2015-07-25

馬政府:兩岸「組建聯合艦隊,共同參與南海巡航,攜手捍衛國家主權與領海完整」

Comment
Though Chinese Taipei has denied that it will cooperate with Beijing in terms of sovereignty claims on South China Sea, Dr. Mira Rapp-Hooper, Director of Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative of Center for Strategic & International Studies, noted in her [statement]:

“Perhaps the most complex political relationship among the South China Sea claimants is that between Taiwan and China.  Despite the many unsettled issues that define Cross Strait relations, Taiwan and China share South China Sea claims, as embodied by China’s Nine-Dash and Taiwan’s Eleven-Dash Line.  U.S. government officials have urged Taiwan to clarify or abandon its opaque claim line, but it has declined to do so.  In 2014, Taipei criticized Vietnam’s presence at Sand Cay in the Spratly Islands as dangerous and destabilizing.  More recently, as the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea began South China Sea hearings at The Hague in July, Taiwan made public statements that appeared to align with China in its rejection of the court’s jurisdiction.”

In fact, all was started by Chinese Taipei and China.  The semi-official institutions of Chinese Taipei and China released the Evaluation Report on the Situation of South China Sea 2010.  In the joint conclusion from pages100 to102, they asserted that Chinese Taipei and China shared common Chinese national interests on South China Sea.  Hence, they had to build the Military Mutual Trust Mechanism and construct the combined fleet to cruise the region to preserve the national sovereignty as well as the integrity of territorial sea.

Here are my views and suggestions for DDP’s policy on South China Sea: 民進黨的南海政策??
1.  The Nine-Dashes Lines was in fact created in December, 1946 while China was authorized to survey and military occupy the area on behalf of the Allies.  The two Chinas across the Taiwan Strait have claimed the sovereignty ever since.  九段線是194612月,因戰後受降,中華民國內政部南沙群島專員鄭資約隨同接收艦隊南沙群島,完成了南海諸島的實地測量工作所繪製的。並首度提及九段線。(事實)

2.  The Nine-Dashes Lines are not in conformity with the rules in UNCLOS of 1982.九段線主張與現行1982年〈聯合國海洋法公約〉規定不盡相同。(事實)

3.  Spratly Island is under the factual jurisdiction of governing authority of Taiwan.  南沙太平島等,是台灣治理當局實際控制下的島嶼。(事實)

4.  The presence of Taiwan in South China Sea should be to cooperate with international community to preserve peace, freedom of navigation, humanitarian assistance as well as environmental protection.  台灣在南海的存在目的,旨在參與國際合作、維護和平、公海航行自由、人道救援與環境保護。(價值)    revised at 1650


南海主權 美學者批台與中國站在同一陣線○自由(2015.07.25)
〔駐美特派員曹郁芬、記者陳伃軒/綜合報導〕美國戰略暨國際研究中心(CSIS)主持亞洲海事透明倡議的主任勞琥珀二十三日在國會證詞中表示,美國政府官員曾經敦促台灣澄清或放棄其曖昧不明的南海十一段線主張,但遭到台灣拒絕。當荷蘭海牙國際法庭七月就南海問題舉行聽審會時,台灣的公開聲明和中國一致,都反對國際法庭有司法管轄權。勞琥珀對台灣政府提出嚴厲的批評,認為台灣和中國站在同一陣線

外交部重申 海域問題不與中國聯手
外交部發言人王珮玲昨回應表示,針對所有議題,台美之間的各個層級都有非常頻繁、通暢地交換意見,南海議題也包括在內;美方非常清楚我方立場。她強調,中華民國政府多次申明,不在海域問題與中國大陸聯手,此一立場堅定,沒有改變

葛萊儀:十一段線 美促台澄清源頭
眾院國際關係委員會亞太小組二十三日就南海主權爭議召開聽證會。勞琥珀對台灣政府提出嚴厲的批評,認為台灣和中國站在同一陣線。不過也長期關切南海議題的CSIS資深研究員葛萊儀則向本報記者表示,美國政府從未要台灣放棄十一段線主張,只是敦促台灣政府澄清其源頭,也沒有在南海問題上向台灣施壓。

勞琥珀在書面證詞中指出,南海主權聲索國中最複雜的政治關係是台灣與中國。雖然台海兩岸還有許多未解決的議題,但台灣的十一段線和中國的九段線事實上共享南海的主權主張

她表示,越南、菲律賓、馬來西亞和台灣都有在南海佔有的島礁上填土,建造機場並部署軍隊的行為,但與中國的規模、速度和幅度相比,就微不足道,而且中國是第一個把沉在海面下的暗礁填造成島嶼的。由於中國的大規模造陸並軍事化南海相關聲索國也在進行軍事再平衡

像台灣派遣海巡署部隊到太平島,同時向美採購派飛彈巡防艦,以及P-3C反潛機。去年台灣還進行了自兩千年以來首次的軍演,由海軍與陸戰隊聯手奪回太平島,這是台灣首次有常規部隊參加南海軍演除了台灣以外,其他南海主權聲索國都缺乏足夠的海軍和海巡部隊的能力,即便這些國家最近也都進行了軍事投資,但無法改變中國明顯的軍事優勢。

不過,勞琥珀指出,許多南海主權聲索國參與中國的一帶一路或亞投行計畫,龐大的經濟利益還是使這些國家想和中國維持正面關係。反對中國的主權主張,不代表這些國家就會對中國採取更嚴厲的反對政策或戰略。


Witnesses
Patrick M. Cronin, Ph.D.
Senior Advisor and Senior Director
Asia-Pacific Security Program
Center for a New American Security
[full text of statement]

Andrew S. Erickson, Ph.D.
Associate Professor
China Maritime Studies Institute
U.S. Naval War College
[full text of statement]

Mira Rapp Hooper, Ph.D.
Fellow, Asia Program
Director, Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative
Center for Strategic & International Studies
[full text of statement]

Michael D. Swaine, Ph.D.
Senior Associate
Asia Program
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
[full text of statement]



1 則留言:

  1. Whether one calls it 9 dash or 11 dash line, it looks too much like the obcene graffiti a pubescent, acneic youth drew on the map of the area as a prank. Nothing worth consideration, except for publicly flogging that repugnant acneic brat.

    The Treaty of Peace with Japan clearly handles territorial dispositions 2c and 2f separately. The administering authority on 2c should focus on administering 2c without undertaking far-flung military initiative of any kind. That agency of the principal occupying power can ill afford such initiative while it ought not maintain defense forces of its own in the first place.

    回覆刪除