網頁

2018-05-08

美海軍第二艦隊


Comment
第二艦隊的AOR是在大西洋西半,美國以北。主要是對應俄羅斯。
我很好奇,重啟的艦隻哪裡來?大約是重編而來吧?
it will plan and conduct maritime, joint and combined operations.
we're back in an era of great power competition



CNO Announces Establishment of U.S. 2nd Fleet    US Navy 20180504
NORFOLK (NNS) -- Chief of Naval Operations, Adm. John Richardson, announced the establishment of U.S. 2nd Fleet during a change of command ceremony for U.S. Fleet Forces Command (USFF) in Norfolk, May 4.

Second Fleet will exercise operational and administrative authorities over assigned ships, aircraft and landing forces on the East Coast and northern Atlantic Ocean.  Additionally, it will plan and conduct maritime, joint and combined operations and will train, certify and provide maritime forces to respond to global contingencies. Commander, 2nd Fleet will report to USFF.

"Our National Defense Strategy makes clear that we're back in an era of great power competition as the security environment continues to grow more challenging and complex," said Richardson.  "That's why today, we're standing up Second Fleet to address these changes, particularly in the north Atlantic."

Second Fleet was disestablished in 2011 and many of its personnel, assets and responsibilities were merged into USFF.


應對中俄挑戰 時隔7年美海軍重組第二艦隊    大紀元20180507
美國海軍日前宣布將重新組建第二艦隊,以應對中俄在區域構成的威脅。這是美國海軍第二艦隊在「蟄伏」7年之久後終於得以重返大洋。

美國海軍作戰部長理查德森(John Richardson)上週五(4日)在諾福克海軍基地主持海軍艦隊司令指揮官交接儀式時宣布,海軍準備重新建立第二艦隊

「這是對安全環境變化做出的一種動態反應」,理查德森告訴《國防新聞》,「因此,我們已經看到這場大國競爭的出現,大西洋,尤其是北大西洋是一個活躍的戰區。因此我們考慮在大西洋為高端海戰而備戰,這將是第二艦隊的責任。」

俄羅斯自入侵烏克蘭東部以來,在北極和北大西洋的海上的活動急劇增加,促使美國海軍重新組建了7年前解散的第二艦隊。

此舉也表明美國海軍正在將其重心從反恐轉向應對主要競爭的中國和俄羅斯。

理查德森說:「隨著安全環境的挑戰性加劇及日趨複雜,我們的國防戰略清楚列明,美國重新回到大國戰略競爭的年代。」 「第二艦隊將對(美國)東海岸和北大西洋的船舶、飛機和地面力量進行業務及行政領導。」

第二艦隊司令部將設在弗吉尼亞州的諾福克,初期將有15名人員,最終擴編至超過200人。海軍官員說,第二艦隊的指揮官尚未任命,但預計在未來幾週內將作出決定。理查德森表示,司令部將在今年夏天運作。

美國海軍第二艦隊於1950年建立,負責美國東海岸和北大西洋防衛,擁有126艘艦艇、4500架飛機和9萬人員的裝備。由於節省成本和組織結構的原因,2011年美國海軍解散了第二艦隊的編制,其屬下資源劃歸海軍艦隊司令部管轄。

但此後幾年來,俄羅斯在區域明顯增加了活動,在烏克蘭與敘利亞的軍事衝突中顯示軍力,在北大西洋海域對美國構成安全威脅。

北約官員說,俄羅斯已增加在波羅的海、北大西洋和北極的海上巡邏,其潛艇活動處於冷戰以來的最高水平。

「這就是為什麼今天我們要重組第二艦隊以應對這些變化,特別是在北大西洋」,理查德森說,這是美國海軍在未來幾年中要面對的安全環境的變化。

美軍在今年1月初發布的新的國防戰略報告,將應對中俄的長期戰略競爭作為國防部和美軍的首要任務。此後美軍已經採取了一系列措施,逐步落實這一新的國防戰略。

根據美國國防部長馬蒂斯的規劃,未來美國海軍的海上部署周期將縮短,但是調動會變得更加頻繁,以此增強美國海軍的快速反應能力,確保某地區有事,美國海軍可以在短時間內集中優勢兵力進行應對。
時隔7年,美國海軍重新啟用第二艦隊應該也是這個戰略的一個註腳。#


6 則留言:

  1. 路過的路人A2018/5/8 下午12:24

    ndaa2019
    https://goo.gl/CXiDHF

    很像美軍顧問團再現

    回覆刪除
  2. 路過的路人A2018/5/8 下午1:05

    啊,忘了附詳細頁數
    Section 1243、 P52

    回覆刪除
    回覆
    1. 路過的路人A2018/5/8 下午1:07

      還有P447頁

      刪除
  3. 美國國會2019國防授權法案摘要
    H.R. 5515—FY19 NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION BILL
    CHAIRMAN’S MARK

    SEC. 1243. [LOG 67503] STRENGTHENING TAIWAN’S FORCE READINESS.
    (a) DEFENSE ASSESSMENT.—The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with appropriate counterparts of Taiwan, conduct a comprehensive assessment of Taiwan’s military forces, particularly Taiwan’s reserves. The assessment shall provide recommendations to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, readiness, and resilience of Taiwan’s self-defense capability in the following areas:
    (1) Personnel management and force development, particularly reserve forces.
    (2) Recruitment, training, and military programs.
    (3) Command, control, communications and intelligence.
    (4) Technology research & development.
    (5) Defense article procurement and logistics.
    (6) Strategic planning and resource management.

    (b) REPORT REQUIRED.—
    (1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report containing each of the following:
    (A) A summary of the assessment conducted pursuant to subsection (a).
    (B) A list of any recommendations resulting from such assessment.
    (C) A plan for the United States, including by using appropriate security cooperation authorities, to—
    (i) facilitate any relevant recommendations from such list;
    (ii) expand senior military-to-military engagement and joint training by the United States Armed Forces with the military of Taiwan; and
    (iii) support United States foreign military sales and other equipment transfers to Taiwan, particularly for developing asymmetric warfare capabilities.

    (2) APPROPRIATE SECURITY COOPERATION AUTHORITIES.—For purposes of the plan described in 20 paragraph (1)(C), the term ‘‘appropriate security cooperation authorities’’ means—
    (A) section 311 of title 10, United States Code (relating to exchange of defense personnel);
    (B) section 332 of such title (relating to defense institution building); and
    (C) other security cooperation authorities under chapter 16 of such title.

    (3) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES.—In this subsection, the term ‘‘appropriate congressional committees’’ means—
    (A) the congressional defense committees;
    (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.



    回覆刪除
    回覆
    1. 路過的路人A2018/5/12 下午4:27

      https://tinyurl.com/ybgysqhx

      在眾議院決定這項之前,AIT的莫建已經透露風聲
      台灣的軍事防衛 這段:

      同時,與台灣安全相關的事務遠遠超出軍售的範疇。
      台灣在防衛與軍事的重要領導者都了解,
      台灣必須徹底改變安全的概念,改採現代化、
      不對稱的方法以及創新的方式去運用現有的實力。
      美國也支持這一方面的努力。

      我們透過美國在台協會與其合作對象與台灣合作,確保台灣的防衛概念能夠成功轉型,
      包括一些特定的改革作為,例如台灣後備軍力的改革。

      刪除