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2014-08-30

烏克蘭:俄強入烏國,烏要入北約

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北約在烏克蘭要求下舉行特別會議。北約證實俄羅斯軍隊與錙重違法進入烏克蘭。
 
北約也認為此舉並非孤立事件,暗示會嚴正處理。
普丁依舊強悍拒絕妥協,更多的俄羅斯軍隊壓進俄烏邊境。
根據媒體報導,烏克蘭正式宣布申請加入北約以求保護。
歐巴馬還是停留在「制裁」(已進步到關鍵人物的資金與糧食的制裁)以避免戰爭。加入北約,意味對俄羅斯戰爭的可能。這是壓力外交。
這樣一來,北京就懂了:壓力外交有用!
再看看北約說,尊重各會員國的安全政策考量,也尊重2008年「布加勒斯特高峰會議」中的決定:烏克蘭願意且符合條件,可加入北約。
北約現說烏克蘭有「不結盟政策」,後對烏克蘭國會決議改變,北約以國家有權做此決定而予以尊重。
記者問北約會「如何幫助」烏克蘭?北約回答下週威爾斯的高峰會,討論會「如何加強合作」:會員國針對4項領域慨然出資建立4個信託基金:後勤(logistics)、指揮管制 (command and control)、網路防衛 (cyber defence)、軍事傷患人道救援 (military personnel)

NATO Secretary General statement after the extraordinary meeting of the NATO-Ukraine CommissionNATO (2014.08.29) http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/news_112104.htm
We have just held an extraordinary meeting of the NATO-Ukraine Commission, following the serious escalation of Russia’s military aggression against Ukraine.  The meeting was held at Ukraine’s request.
Despite Moscow’s hollow denials, it is now clear that Russian troops and equipment have illegally crossed the border into eastern and south-eastern Ukraine.  This is not an isolated action, but part of a dangerous pattern over many months to destabilise Ukraine as a sovereign nation.

Russian forces are engaged in direct military operations inside Ukraine.  Russia continues to supply the separatists with tanks, armoured vehicles, artillery and rocket launchers.  Russia has fired on Ukraine from both Russian territory and within Ukraine itself.  Moreover, Russia continues to maintain thousands of combat-ready troops close to Ukraine’s borders.  This is a blatant violation of Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.  It defies all diplomatic efforts for a peaceful solution.

Today, we expressed strong solidarity with Ukraine.  At the Wales Summit next week, we will meet President Poroshenko to make clear NATO’s unwavering support for Ukraine.

We condemn in the strongest terms Russia’s continued disregard of its international obligations.  We urge Russia to cease its illegal military actions, stop its support to armed separatists, and take immediate and verifiable steps towards de-escalation of this grave crisis.


Question : (Wall Street Journal) Prime Minister Yatseniuk this morning said he wanted Ukraine to move toward NATO membership and I wanted to ask for your reaction to that whether it came up at all at today’s meeting and whether it will be discussed at the Summit in Wales.
Secretary General :  First of all let me stress that we fully respect Ukraine’s decisions as regards Ukraine’s security policy and alliance affiliations.  This is a fundamental principle that each and every nation has an inherent right to decide itself on security policies and its alliance affiliations.  I’m not going to interfere with political discussions in Ukraine but let me remind you of NATO’s decision taken at the Bucharest summit in 2008 according to which Ukraine will become a member of NATO provided of course Ukraine so wishes and provided that Ukraine fulfil the necessary criteria.  In the meantime Ukraine has decided to pursue a so called non-alliance policy, we fully respect that, we fully respect if the Ukrainian Parliament decides to change that policy because we adhere to the principle that each and every nation has a right to decide itself without interference from outside and we hope that other nations adhere to same principle.

Question :  (Wall Street Journal) Was ... (inaudible) discussed at the meeting today?
Secretary General :  It was not discussed in today’s meeting.

Question (News agency UNIAN) :  Secretary General, we right now are in a completely new situation but I would like to repeat an old question.  How NATO can really help, or NATO member countries Ukraine institutions, thank you.
Secretary General :  At the Summit in Wales next week we will take decisions as to how we will enhance our cooperation with Ukraine.  Among other initiatives, we are establishing four trust funds to finance concrete initiatives within four areas; logistics, command and control, cyber defence, and help to military personnel, including wounded personnel.  I’m very pleased that already at today’s meeting several Allies announced concrete financial contributions to these trust funds and it was signalled that more announcements may come forward at the Summit in Wales next week.  The whole purpose of these trust funds is to finance activities that can assist Ukraine in reforming and modernising the armed forces with a view to making them stronger to defend Ukraine.


〔編譯魏國金/綜合二十九日外電報導〕一週前呈現氣數已盡敗象的東烏克蘭親俄民兵,在千名俄軍支援下,二十八日逆轉頹勢,閃電告捷。但俄國仍堅持否認派兵入侵,總統普廷二十九日為親俄民兵的表現喝采,把烏克蘭軍隊比做納粹,但敦促民兵打開人道走廊,釋放遭包圍的烏軍。烏克蘭為了自保,宣布將申請加入北大西洋公約組織,正式接受西方保護

普廷為親俄民兵喝采
在北約提供衛星照片,證明俄國至少派出千名武裝部隊與運送軍火支援烏東民兵後,聯合國安全理事會二十八日召開緊急會議,美國駐聯合國大使鮑爾要求俄羅斯必須「停止說謊 」與「停止加劇衝突」。美國總統歐巴馬則在白宮點名俄國蓄意且一再侵犯烏克蘭的主權與領土完整,只會讓自己付出更多代價與後果;但歐巴馬仍強調要以制裁方式懲罰俄羅斯,沒有提到軍事介入

烏克蘭總理耶森尤克二十九日指出,當局將打破「不結盟」的國家政策,尋求加入北約,目前已向國會提交相關法案。耶森尤克的宣示是烏國迄今尋求西方保護的最重大行動,但烏國要加入北約在近期內仍無可能

北約秘書長拉斯穆森二十九日表示尊重烏國要加入北約的權利,也強烈譴責俄國繼續漠視其國際義務,要求俄國立即停止其非法軍事行動。但俄國外交部長拉夫羅夫反駁入侵指控,表示沒有任何事實證明俄軍進入烏克蘭。由於市場擔心烏俄衝突升高,俄國二十九日盧布兌美元匯率來到歷史新低,至三十七.二對一美元,打破今年三月俄國兼併克里米亞創下的紀錄。

普廷對西方的指責相應不理,反而讚揚親俄民兵成功阻止基輔部隊的挺進,將政府軍圍困在頓內茨東部的戰略要鎮伊洛瓦伊斯克外近一週。他稱親俄民兵是「抗暴者」,指控基輔的軍事行動威脅東烏居民生命,並導致許多平民喪生,有如二戰時的納粹包圍史達林格勒。但他呼籲民兵為投降的烏軍開放人道走廊,以避免無謂的死亡。對此,民兵領袖已表示同意。


4 則留言:

  1. 真的太像捷克與蘇台德區,所以歐巴馬是做定張伯倫囉。

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    1. 多謝比擬。
      歐巴馬,生不逢時+把世界看得太單純?

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  2. Uncle Vladimir2014/8/31 下午3:05

    "I think that the Russian and Ukrainian peoples are practically one single people, no matter what others might say."

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    1. 就蘇聯官方的史觀,俄羅斯、白俄羅斯、烏克蘭,是大俄羅斯不可分的、核心的部分。
      這當然有一些道理。

      然而,文化或民族的概念,是否可以被文明(如自選國籍、政治制度等)所穿透?
      人類理性的發展,會否被扯後腿?

      That is the question.

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