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2017-01-19

廢文一篇:20170118習近平在達沃斯論壇演講

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達沃斯論壇閉幕時,正好是川普就任日。
因此,習近平的演講或許具有壓制川普先的作用。

自由時報報導:「習在演說中會表達對於全球化的期待,但文中指出,這個訊息很難被外界接受,因為中國正在封鎖他們的市場、限制境外資本流動,與世界脫軌,直言「習近平會乞求國外投資,因為中國需要資金」。」「中國正在以提高補助、不必要地加強中國網路安全法規,還有對跨國公司的歧視性起訴來關閉中國經濟。」

北京政權總是這樣,急功近利,只准自己賺你錢,不容他人賺我錢。因而,做了一堆相互矛盾的作法而不自知。當習做關門事的時候,嘴上卻說「中國的大門對世界始終是打開的,不會關上」。
人家以為北京是有長程戰略,其實,只是對北京「死纏爛打性格」的誤解罷了。

沒有價值的廢文!一句話。


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共擔時代責任 共促全球發展
Jointly Shoulder Responsibility of Our Times, Promote Global Growth
——在世界經濟論壇2017年年會開幕式上的主旨演講
Keynote Speech At the Opening Session of the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2017
中華人民共和國主席 習近平
by H.E. Xi Jinping President of the People’s Republic of China
2017117日,達沃斯)
Davos, 17 January 2017
尊敬的洛伊特哈德主席和豪森先生,
President Doris Leuthard and Mr. Roland Hausin,
尊敬的各國元首、政府首腦、副元首和夫人,
Heads of State and Government, Deputy Heads of State and Your Spouses,
尊敬的國際組織負責人,
Heads of International Organizations,
尊敬的施瓦布主席和夫人,
Dr. Klaus Schwab and Mrs. Hilde Schwab,
女士們,先生們,朋友們:
Ladies and Gentlemen, Dear Friends,

很高興來到美麗的達沃斯。達沃斯雖然只是阿爾卑斯山上的一個小鎮,卻是一個觀察世界經濟的重要視窗。大家從四面八方會聚這裡,各種思想碰撞出智慧的火花,以較少的投入獲得了很高的產出。我看這個現象可以稱作施瓦布經濟學

I’m delighted to come to beautiful Davos. Though just a small town in the Alps, Davos is an important window for taking the pulse of the global economy. People from around the world come here to exchange ideas and insights, which broaden their vision. This makes the WEF annual meeting a cost-effective brainstorming event, which I would call “Schwab economics”.

這是最好的時代,也是最壞的時代,英國文學家狄更斯曾這樣描述工業革命發生後的世界。今天,我們也生活在一個矛盾的世界之中。一方面,物質財富不斷積累,科技進步日新月異,人類文明發展到歷史最高水準。另一方面,地區衝突頻繁發生,恐怖主義、難民潮等全球性挑戰此起彼伏,貧困、失業、收入差距拉大,世界面臨的不確定性上升。
“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times.” These are the words used by the English writer Charles Dickens to describe the world after the Industrial Revolution. Today, we also live in a world of contradictions. On the one hand, with growing material wealth and advances in science and technology, human civilization has developed as never before. On the other hand, frequent regional conflicts, global challenges like terrorism and refugees, as well as poverty, unemployment and widening income gap have all added to the uncertainties of the world.

對此,許多人感到困惑,世界到底怎麼了?
Many people feel bewildered and wonder: What has gone wrong with the world?

要解決這個困惑,首先要找准問題的根源。有一種觀點把世界亂象歸咎於經濟全球化。經濟全球化曾經被人們視為阿裡巴巴的山洞,現在又被不少人看作潘朵拉的盒子。國際社會圍繞經濟全球化問題展開了廣泛討論。
To answer this question, one must first track the source of the problem. Some blame economic globalization for the chaos in the world. Economic globalization was once viewed as the treasure cave found by Ali Baba in The Arabian Nights, but it has now become the Pandora’s box in the eyes of many. The international community finds itself in a heated debate on economic globalization.

今天,我想從經濟全球化問題切入,談談我對世界經濟的看法。
Today, I wish to address the global economy in the context of economic globalization.

我想說的是,困擾世界的很多問題,並不是經濟全球化造成的。比如,過去幾年來,源自中東、北非的難民潮牽動全球,數以百萬計的民眾顛沛流離,甚至不少年幼的孩子在路途中葬身大海,讓我們痛心疾首。導致這一問題的原因,是戰亂、衝突、地區動盪。解決這一問題的出路,是謀求和平、推動和解、恢復穩定。再比如,國際金融危機也不是經濟全球化發展的必然產物,而是金融資本過度逐利、金融監管嚴重缺失的結果。把困擾世界的問題簡單歸咎於經濟全球化,既不符合事實,也無助於問題解決。
The point I want to make is that many of the problems troubling the world are not caused by economic globalization. For instance, the refugee waves from the Middle East and North Africa in recent years have become a global concern. Several million people have been displaced, and some small children lost their lives while crossing the rough sea. This is indeed heartbreaking. It is war, conflict and regional turbulence that have created this problem, and its solution lies in making peace, promoting reconciliation and restoring stability. The international financial crisis is another example. It is not an inevitable outcome of economic globalization; rather, it is the consequence of excessive chase of profit by financial capital and grave failure of financial regulation. Just blaming economic globalization for the world’s problems is inconsistent with reality, and it will not help solve the problems.

歷史地看,經濟全球化是社會生產力發展的客觀要求和科技進步的必然結果,不是哪些人、哪些國家人為造出來的。經濟全球化為世界經濟增長提供了強勁動力,促進了商品和資本流動、科技和文明進步、各國人民交往。
From the historical perspective, economic globalization resulted from growing social productivity, and is a natural outcome of scientific and technological progress, not something created by any individuals or any countries. Economic globalization has powered global growth and facilitated movement of goods and capital, advances in science, technology and civilization, and interactions among peoples.

當然,我們也要承認,經濟全球化是一把雙刃劍。當世界經濟處於下行期的時候,全球經濟蛋糕不容易做大,甚至變小了,增長和分配、資本和勞動、效率和公平的矛盾就會更加突出,發達國家和發展中國家都會感受到壓力和衝擊。反全球化的呼聲,反映了經濟全球化進程的不足,值得我們重視和深思。
But we should also recognize that economic globalization is a double-edged sword. When the global economy is under downward pressure, it is hard to make the cake of global economy bigger. It may even shrink, which will strain the relations between growth and distribution, between capital and labor, and between efficiency and equity. Both developed and developing countries have felt the punch. Voices against globalization have laid bare pitfalls in the process of economic globalization that we need to take seriously.

甘瓜抱苦蒂,美棗生荊棘。從哲學上說,世界上沒有十全十美的事物,因為事物存在優點就把它看得完美無缺是不全面的,因為事物存在缺點就把它看得一無是處也是不全面的。經濟全球化確實帶來了新問題,但我們不能就此把經濟全球化一棍子打死,而是要適應和引導好經濟全球化,消解經濟全球化的負面影響,讓它更好惠及每個國家、每個民族。
As a line in an old Chinese poem goes, “Honey melons hang on bitter vines; sweet dates grow on thistles and thorns.” In a philosophical sense, nothing is perfect in the world. One would fail to see the full picture if he claims something is perfect because of its merits, or if he views something as useless just because of its defects. It is true that economic globalization has created new problems, but this is no justification to write economic globalization off completely. Rather, we should adapt to and guide economic globalization, cushion its negative impact, and deliver its benefits to all countries and all nations.

當年,中國對經濟全球化也有過疑慮,對加入世界貿易組織也有過忐忑。但是,我們認為,融入世界經濟是歷史大方向,中國經濟要發展,就要敢於到世界市場的汪洋大海中去游泳,如果永遠不敢到大海中去經風雨、見世面,總有一天會在大海中溺水而亡。所以,中國勇敢邁向了世界市場。在這個過程中,我們嗆過水,遇到過漩渦,遇到過風浪,但我們在游泳中學會了游泳。這是正確的戰略抉擇。
There was a time when China also had doubts about economic globalization, and was not sure whether it should join the World Trade Organization. But we came to the conclusion that integration into the global economy is a historical trend. To grow its economy, China must have the courage to swim in the vast ocean of the global market. If one is always afraid of bracing the storm and exploring the new world, he will sooner or later get drowned in the ocean. Therefore, China took a brave step to embrace the global market. We have had our fair share of choking in the water and encountered whirlpools and choppy waves, but we have learned how to swim in this process. It has proved to be a right strategic choice.

世界經濟的大海,你要還是不要,都在那兒,是回避不了的。想人為切斷各國經濟的資金流、技術流、產品流、產業流、人員流,讓世界經濟的大海退回到一個一個孤立的小湖泊、小河流,是不可能的,也是不符合歷史潮流的。
Whether you like it or not, the global economy is the big ocean that you cannot escape from. Any attempt to cut off the flow of capital, technologies, products, industries and people between economies, and channel the waters in the ocean back into isolated lakes and creeks is simply not possible. Indeed, it runs counter to the historical trend.

人類歷史告訴我們,有問題不可怕,可怕的是不敢直面問題,找不到解決問題的思路。面對經濟全球化帶來的機遇和挑戰,正確的選擇是,充分利用一切機遇,合作應對一切挑戰,引導好經濟全球化走向。
The history of mankind tells us that problems are not to be feared. What should concern us is refusing to face up to problems and not knowing what to do about them. In the face of both opportunities and challenges of economic globalization, the right thing to do is to seize every opportunity, jointly meet challenges and chart the right course for economic globalization.

去年年底,我在亞太經合組織領導人非正式會議上提出,要讓經濟全球化進程更有活力、更加包容、更可持續。我們要主動作為、適度管理,讓經濟全球化的正面效應更多釋放出來,實現經濟全球化進程再平衡;我們要順應大勢、結合國情,正確選擇融入經濟全球化的路徑和節奏;我們要講求效率、注重公平,讓不同國家、不同階層、不同人群共用經濟全球化的好處。這是我們這個時代的領導者應有的擔當,更是各國人民對我們的期待。
At the APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting in late 2016, I spoke about the necessity to make the process of economic globalization more invigorated, more inclusive and more sustainable. We should act pro-actively and manage economic globalization as appropriate so as to release its positive impact and rebalance the process of economic globalization. We should follow the general trend, proceed from our respective national conditions and embark on the right pathway of integrating into economic globalization with the right pace. We should strike a balance between efficiency and equity to ensure that different countries, different social strata and different groups of people all share in the benefits of economic globalization. The people of all countries expect nothing less from us, and this is our unshirkable responsibility as leaders of our times.

女士們、先生們、朋友們!
Ladies and Gentlemen, Dear Friends,

當前,最迫切的任務是引領世界經濟走出困境。世界經濟長期低迷,貧富差距、南北差距問題更加突出。究其根源,是經濟領域三大突出矛盾沒有得到有效解決。
At present, the most pressing task before us is to steer the global economy out of difficulty. The global economy has remained sluggish for quite some time. The gap between the poor and the rich and between the South and the North is widening. The root cause is that the three critical issues in the economic sphere have not been effectively addressed.

一是全球增長動能不足,難以支撐世界經濟持續穩定增長。世界經濟增速處於7年來最低水準,全球貿易增速繼續低於經濟增速。短期性政策刺激效果不佳,深層次結構性改革尚在推進。世界經濟正處在動能轉換的換擋期,傳統增長引擎對經濟的拉動作用減弱,人工智慧、3D列印等新技術雖然不斷湧現,但新的經濟增長點尚未形成。世界經濟仍然未能開闢出一條新路
First, lack of robust driving forces for global growth makes it difficult to sustain the steady growth of the global economy. The growth of the global economy is now at its slowest pace in seven years. Growth of global trade has been slower than global GDP growth. Short-term policy stimuli are ineffective. Fundamental structural reform is just unfolding. The global economy is now in a period of moving toward new growth drivers, and the role of traditional engines to drive growth has weakened. Despite the emergence of new technologies such as artificial intelligence and 3D printing, new sources of growth are yet to emerge. A new path for the global economy remains elusive.

二是全球經濟治理滯後,難以適應世界經濟新變化。前不久,拉加德女士告訴我,新興市場國家和發展中國家對全球經濟增長的貢獻率已經達到80%。過去數十年,國際經濟力量對比深刻演變,而全球治理體系未能反映新格局,代表性和包容性很不夠。全球產業佈局在不斷調整,新的產業鏈、價值鏈、供應鏈日益形成,而貿易和投資規則未能跟上新形勢,機制封閉化、規則碎片化十分突出。全球金融市場需要增強抗風險能力,而全球金融治理機制未能適應新需求,難以有效化解國際金融市場頻繁動盪、資產泡沫積聚等問題。
Second, inadequate global economic governance makes it difficult to adapt to new developments in the global economy. Madame Christine Lagarde recently told me that emerging markets and developing countries already contribute to 80% of the growth of the global economy. The global economic landscape has changed profoundly in the past few decades. However, the global governance system has not embraced those new changes and is therefore inadequate in terms of representation and inclusiveness. The global industrial landscape is changing and new industrial chains, value chains and supply chains are taking shape. However, trade and investment rules have not kept pace with these developments, resulting in acute problems such as closed mechanisms and fragmentation of rules. The global financial market needs to be more resilient against risks, but the global financial governance mechanism fails to meet the new requirement and is thus unable to effectively resolve problems such as frequent international financial market volatility and the build-up of asset bubbles.

三是全球發展失衡,難以滿足人們對美好生活的期待。施瓦布先生在《第四次工業革命》一書中寫道,第四次工業革命將產生極其廣泛而深遠的影響,包括會加劇不平等,特別是有可能擴大資本回報和勞動力回報的差距。全球最富有的1%人口擁有的財富量超過其餘99%人口財富的總和,收入分配不平等、發展空間不平衡令人擔憂。全球仍然有7億多人口生活在極端貧困之中。對很多家庭而言,擁有溫暖住房、充足食物、穩定工作還是一種奢望。這是當今世界面臨的最大挑戰,也是一些國家社會動盪的重要原因。
Third, uneven global development makes it difficult to meet people’s expectations for better lives. Dr. Schwab has observed in his book The Fourth Industrial Revolution that this round of industrial revolution will produce extensive and far-reaching impacts such as growing inequality, particularly the possible widening gap between return on capital and return on labor. The richest one percent of the world’s population own more wealth than the remaining 99 percent. Inequality in income distribution and uneven development space are worrying. Over 700 million people in the world are still living in extreme poverty. For many families, to have warm houses, enough food and secure jobs is still a distant dream. This is the biggest challenge facing the world today. It is also what is behind the social turmoil in some countries.

這些問題反映出,當今世界經濟增長、治理、發展模式存在必須解決的問題。國際紅十字會創始人杜楠說過:真正的敵人不是我們的鄰國,而是饑餓、貧窮、無知、迷信和偏見。我們既要有分析問題的智慧,更要有採取行動的勇氣。
All this shows that there are indeed problems with world economic growth, governance and development models, and they must be resolved. The founder of the Red Cross Henry Dunant once said, “Our real enemy is not the neighboring country; it is hunger, poverty, ignorance, superstition and prejudice.” We need to have the vision to dissect these problems; more importantly, we need to have the courage to take actions to address them.

第一,堅持創新驅動,打造富有活力的增長模式。世界經濟面臨的根本問題是增長動力不足。創新是引領發展的第一動力。與以往歷次工業革命相比,第四次工業革命是以指數級而非線性速度展開。我們必須在創新中尋找出路。只有敢於創新、勇於變革,才能突破世界經濟增長和發展的瓶頸。
First, we should develop a dynamic, innovation-driven growth model. The fundamental issue plaguing the global economy is the lack of driving force for growth. Innovation is the primary force guiding development. Unlike the previous industrial revolutions, the fourth industrial revolution is unfolding at an exponential rather than linear pace. We need to relentlessly pursue innovation. Only with the courage to innovate and reform can we remove bottlenecks blocking global growth and development.

二十國集團領導人在杭州峰會上達成重要共識,要以創新為重要抓手,挖掘各國和世界經濟增長新動力。我們要創新發展理念,超越財政刺激多一點還是貨幣寬鬆多一點的爭論,樹立標本兼治、綜合施策的思路。我們要創新政策手段,推進結構性改革,為增長創造空間、增加後勁。我們要創新增長方式,把握好新一輪產業革命、數字經濟等帶來的機遇,既應對好氣候變化、人口老齡化等帶來的挑戰,也化解掉資訊化、自動化等給就業帶來的衝擊,在培育新產業新業態新模式過程中注意創造新的就業機會,讓各國人民重拾信心和希望。
With this in mind, G20 leaders reached an important consensus at the Hangzhou Summit, which is to take innovation as a key driver and foster new driving force of growth for both individual countries and the global economy. We should develop a new development philosophy and rise above the debate about whether there should be more fiscal stimulus or more monetary easing. We should adopt a multipronged approach to address both the symptoms and the underlying problems. We should adopt new policy instruments and advance structural reform to create more space for growth and sustain its momentum. We should develop new growth models and seize opportunities presented by the new round of industrial revolution and digital economy. We should meet the challenges of climate change and aging population. We should address the negative impact of IT application and automation on jobs. When cultivating new industries and new forms models of business models, we should create new jobs and restore confidence and hope to our peoples.

第二,堅持協同聯動,打造開放共贏的合作模式。人類已經成為你中有我、我中有你的命運共同體,利益高度融合,彼此相互依存。每個國家都有發展權利,同時都應該在更加廣闊的層面考慮自身利益,不能以損害其他國家利益為代價
Second, we should pursue a well-coordinated and inter-connected approach to develop a model of open and win-win cooperation. Today, mankind has become a close-knit community of shared future. Countries have extensive converging interests and are mutually dependent. All countries enjoy the right to development. At the same time, they should view their own interests in a broader context and refrain from pursuing them at the expense of others.

我們要堅定不移發展開放型世界經濟,在開放中分享機會和利益、實現互利共贏。不能一遇到風浪就退回到港灣中去,那是永遠不能到達彼岸的。我們要下大氣力發展全球互聯互通,讓世界各國實現聯動增長,走向共同繁榮。我們要堅定不移發展全球自由貿易和投資,在開放中推動貿易和投資自由化便利化,旗幟鮮明反對保護主義。搞保護主義如同把自己關進黑屋子,看似躲過了風吹雨打,但也隔絕了陽光和空氣。打貿易戰的結果只能是兩敗俱傷。
We should commit ourselves to growing an open global economy to share opportunities and interests through opening-up and achieve win-win outcomes. One should not just retreat to the harbor when encountering a storm, for this will never get us to the other shore of the ocean. We must redouble efforts to develop global connectivity to enable all countries to achieve inter-connected growth and share prosperity. We must remain committed to developing global free trade and investment, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation through opening-up and say no to protectionism. Pursuing protectionism is like locking oneself in a dark room. While wind and rain may be kept outside, that dark room will also block light and air. No one will emerge as a winner in a trade war.

第三,堅持與時俱進,打造公正合理的治理模式。小智治事,大智治制。全球經濟治理體系變革緊迫性越來越突出,國際社會呼聲越來越高。全球治理體系只有適應國際經濟格局新要求,才能為全球經濟提供有力保障。
Third, we should develop a model of fair and equitable governance in keeping with the trend of the times. As the Chinese saying goes, people with petty shrewdness attend to trivial matters, while people with vision attend to governance of institutions. There is a growing call from the international community for reforming the global economic governance system, which is a pressing task for us. Only when it adapts to new dynamics in the international economic architecture can the global governance system sustain global growth.

國家不分大小、強弱、貧富,都是國際社會平等成員,理應平等參與決策、享受權利、履行義務。要賦予新興市場國家和發展中國家更多代表性和發言權。2010年國際貨幣基金組織份額改革方案已經生效,這一勢頭應該保持下去。要堅持多邊主義,維護多邊體制權威性和有效性。要踐行承諾、遵守規則,不能按照自己的意願取捨或選擇。《巴黎協定》符合全球發展大方向,成果來之不易,應該共同堅守,不能輕言放棄。這是我們對子孫後代必須擔負的責任!
Countries, big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, are all equal members of the international community. As such, they are entitled to participate in decision-making, enjoy rights and fulfill obligations on an equal basis. Emerging markets and developing countries deserve greater representation and voice. The 2010 IMF quota reform has entered into force, and its momentum should be sustained. We should adhere to multilateralism to uphold the authority and efficacy of multilateral institutions. We should honor promises and abide by rules. One should not select or bend rules as he sees fit. The Paris Agreement is a hard-won achievement which is in keeping with the underlying trend of global development. All signatories should stick to it instead of walking away from it as this is a responsibility we must assume for future generations.

第四,堅持公平包容,打造平衡普惠的發展模式。大道之行也,天下為公。發展的目的是造福人民。要讓發展更加平衡,讓發展機會更加均等、發展成果人人共用,就要完善發展理念和模式,提升發展公平性、有效性、協同性。
Fourth, we should develop a balanced, equitable and inclusive development model. As the Chinese saying goes, “A just cause should be pursued for common good.” Development is ultimately for the people. To achieve more balanced development and ensure that the people have equal access to opportunities and share in the benefits of development, it is crucial to have a sound development philosophy and model and make development equitable, effective and balanced.

我們要宣導勤勞儉樸、努力奮進的社會風氣,讓所有人的勞動成果得到尊重。要著力解決貧困、失業、收入差距拉大等問題,照顧好弱勢人群的關切,促進社會公平正義。要保護好生態環境,推動經濟、社會、環境協調發展,實現人與自然、人與社會和諧。要落實聯合國2030年可持續發展議程,實現全球範圍平衡發展。
We should foster a culture that values diligence, frugality and enterprise and respects the fruits of hard work of all. Priority should be given to addressing poverty, unemployment, the widening income gap and the concerns of the disadvantaged to promote social equity and justice. It is important to protect the environment while pursuing economic and social progress so as to achieve harmony between man and nature and between man and society. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development should be implemented to realize balanced development across the world.

積力之所舉,則無不勝也;眾智之所為,則無不成也。只要我們牢固樹立人類命運共同體意識,攜手努力、共同擔當,同舟共濟、共渡難關,就一定能夠讓世界更美好、讓人民更幸福。
A Chinese adage reads, “Victory is ensured when people pool their strength; success is secured when people put their heads together.” As long as we keep to the goal of building a community of shared future for mankind and work hand in hand to fulfill our responsibilities and overcome difficulties, we will be able to create a better world and deliver better lives for our peoples.

女士們、先生們、朋友們!
Ladies and Gentlemen, Dear Friends,

經過38年改革開放,中國已經成為世界第二大經濟體。道路決定命運。中國的發展,關鍵在於中國人民在中國共產黨領導下,走出了一條適合中國國情的發展道路。
China has become the world’s second largest economy thanks to 38 years of reform and opening-up. A right path leads to a bright future. China has come this far because the Chinese people have, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, blazed a development path that suits China’s actual conditions.

這是一條從本國國情出發確立的道路。中國立足自身國情和實踐,從中華文明中汲取智慧,博采東西方各家之長,堅守但不僵化,借鑒但不照搬,在不斷探索中形成了自己的發展道路。條條大路通羅馬。誰都不應該把自己的發展道路定為一尊,更不應該把自己的發展道路強加於人
This is a path based on China’s realities. China has in the past years succeeded in embarking on a development path that suits itself by drawing on both the wisdom of its civilization and the practices of other countries in both East and West. In exploring this path, China refuses to stay insensitive to the changing times or to blindly follow in others’ footsteps. All roads lead to Rome. No country should view its own development path as the only viable one, still less should it impose its own development path on others.

這是一條把人民利益放在首位的道路。中國秉持以人民為中心的發展思想,把改善人民生活、增進人民福祉作為出發點和落腳點,在人民中尋找發展動力、依靠人民推動發展、使發展造福人民。中國堅持共同富裕的目標,大力推進減貧事業,讓7億多人口擺脫貧困,正在向著全面建成小康社會目標快步前進。
This is a path that puts people’s interests first. China follows a people-oriented development philosophy and is committed to bettering the lives of its people. Development is of the people, by the people and for the people. China pursues the goal of common prosperity. We have taken major steps to alleviate poverty and lifted over 700 million people out of poverty, and good progress is being made in our efforts to finish building a society of initial prosperity in all respects.

這是一條改革創新的道路。中國堅持通過改革破解前進中遇到的困難和挑戰,敢於啃硬骨頭、涉險灘,勇於破除妨礙發展的體制機制障礙,不斷解放和發展社會生產力,不斷解放和增強社會活力。近4年來,我們在之前30多年不斷改革的基礎上,又推出了1200多項改革舉措,為中國發展注入了強大動力。
This is a path of pursuing reform and innovation. China has tackled difficulties and met challenges on its way forward through reform. China has demonstrated its courage to take on difficult issues, navigate treacherous rapids and remove institutional hurdles standing in the way of development. These efforts have enabled us to unleash productivity and social vitality. Building on progress of 30-odd years of reform, we have introduced more than 1,200 reform measures over the past four years, injecting powerful impetus into China’s development.

這是一條在開放中謀求共同發展的道路。中國堅持對外開放基本國策,奉行互利共贏的開放戰略,不斷提升發展的內外聯動性,在實現自身發展的同時更多惠及其他國家和人民。
This is a path of pursuing common development through opening-up. China is committed to a fundamental policy of opening-up and pursues a win-win opening-up strategy. China’s development is both domestic and external oriented; while developing itself, China also shares more of its development outcomes with other countries and peoples.

中國發展取得了巨大成就,中國人民生活得到了極大改善,這對中國好,對世界也好。中國的發展成就,是中國人民幾十年含辛茹苦、流血流汗幹出來的。千百年來,中華民族素以吃苦耐勞聞名於世。中國人民深知,世界上沒有免費的午餐,中國是一個有著13億多人口的大國,想發展就要靠自己苦幹實幹,不能寄託於別人的恩賜,世界上也沒有誰有這樣的能力。
China’s outstanding development achievements and the vastly improved living standards of the Chinese people are a blessing to both China and the world. Such achievements in development over the past decades owe themselves to the hard work and perseverance of the Chinese people, a quality that has defined the Chinese nation for several thousand years. We Chinese know only too well that there is no such thing as a free lunch in the world. For a big country with over 1.3 billion people, development can be achieved only with the dedication and tireless efforts of its own people. We cannot expect others to deliver development to China, and no one is in a position to do so.

觀察中國發展,要看中國人民得到了什麼收穫,更要看中國人民付出了什麼辛勞;要看中國取得了什麼成就,更要看中國為世界作出了什麼貢獻。這才是全面的看法。
When assessing China’s development, one should not only see what benefits the Chinese people have gained, but also how much hard effort they have put in, not just what achievements China has made, but also what contribution China has made to the world. Then one will reach a balanced conclusion about China’s development.

1950年至2016,中國在自身長期發展水準和人民生活水準不高的情況下,累計對外提供援款4000多億元人民幣,實施各類援外項目5000多個,其中成套項目近3000個,舉辦11000多期培訓班,為發展中國家在華培訓各類人員26萬多名。改革開放以來,中國累計吸引外資超過1.7萬億美元,累計對外直接投資超過1.2萬億美元,為世界經濟發展作出了巨大貢獻。國際金融危機爆發以來,中國經濟增長對世界經濟增長的貢獻率年均在30%以上。這些數字,在世界上都是名列前茅的。
Between 1950 and 2016, despite its modest level of development and living standard, China provided more than 400 billion yuan of foreign assistance, undertook over 5,000 foreign assistance projects, including nearly 3,000 complete projects, and held over 11,000 training workshops in China for over 260,000 personnel from other developing countries. Since it launched reform and opening-up, China has attracted over 1.7 trillion US dollars of foreign investment and made over 1.2 trillion US dollars of direct outbound investment, making huge contribution to global economic development. In the years following the outbreak of the international financial crisis, China contributed to over 30% of global growth every year on average. All these figures are among the highest in the world.

從這些數字可以看出,中國的發展是世界的機遇,中國是經濟全球化的受益者,更是貢獻者。中國經濟快速增長,為全球經濟穩定和增長提供了持續強大的推動。中國同一大批國家的聯動發展,使全球經濟發展更加平衡。中國減貧事業的巨大成就,使全球經濟增長更加包容。中國改革開放持續推進,為開放型世界經濟發展提供了重要動力。
The figures speak for themselves. China’s development is an opportunity for the world; China has not only benefited from economic globalization but also contributed to it. Rapid growth in China has been a sustained, powerful engine for global economic stability and expansion. The inter-connected development of China and a large number of other countries has made the world economy more balanced. China’s remarkable achievement in poverty reduction has contributed to more inclusive global growth. And China’s continuous progress in reform and opening-up has lent much momentum to an open world economy.

中國人民深知實現國家繁榮富強的艱辛,對各國人民取得的發展成就都點贊,都為他們祝福,都希望他們的日子越過越好,不會犯紅眼病,不會抱怨他人從中國發展中得到了巨大機遇和豐厚回報。中國人民張開雙臂歡迎各國人民搭乘中國發展的快車便車
We Chinese know only too well what it takes to achieve prosperity, so we applaud the achievements made by others and wish them a better future. We are not jealous of others’ success; and we will not complain about others who have benefited so much from the great opportunities presented by China’s development. We will open our arms to the people of other countries and welcome them aboard the express train of China’s development.

女士們、先生們、朋友們!
Ladies and Gentlemen, Dear Friends,

很多人都在關注中國經濟發展趨勢。中國經濟發展進入了新常態,經濟增速、經濟發展方式、經濟結構、經濟發展動力都正在發生重大變化。但中國經濟長期向好的基本面沒有改變。
I know you are all closely following China’s economic development, and let me give you an update on the state of China’s economy. China’s economy has entered what we call a new normal, in which major changes are taking place in terms of growth rate, development model, economic structure and drivers of growth. But the economic fundamentals sustaining sound development remain unchanged.

2016年,在世界經濟疲弱的背景下,中國經濟預計增長6.7%,依然處於世界前列。現在,中國經濟的體量已不能同過去同日而語,集聚的動能是過去兩位數的增長都達不到的。中國居民消費和服務業成為經濟增長的主要動力,2016年前三季度第三產業增加值占國內生產總值的比重為52.8%,國內消費對經濟增長的貢獻率達71%。居民收入和就業實現穩定增長,單位國內生產總值能耗持續下降,綠色發展初見成效。
Despite a sluggish global economy, China’s economy is expected to grow by 6.7% in 2016, still one of the highest in the world. China’s economy is far bigger in size than in the past, and it now generates more output than it did with double-digit growth in the past. Household consumption and the services sector have become the main drivers of growth. In the first three quarters of 2016, added value of the tertiary industry took up 52.8% of the GDP and domestic consumption contributed to 71% of economic growth. Household income and employment have steadily risen, while per unit GDP energy consumption continues to drop. Our efforts to pursue green development are paying off.

當前,中國經濟面臨一定的下行壓力和不少困難,如產能過剩和需求結構升級矛盾突出,經濟增長內生動力不足,金融風險有所積聚,部分地區困難增多。我們認為,這些都是前進中必然出現的階段性現象,對這些問題和矛盾,我們正在著力加以解決,並不斷取得積極成效。我們堅定向前發展的決心不會動搖。中國仍然是世界上最大的發展中國家,中國有13億多人口,人民生活水準還不高,但這也意味著巨大的發展潛力和空間。我們將在創新、協調、綠色、開放、共用的發展理念指引下,不斷適應、把握、引領中國經濟發展新常態,統籌抓好穩增長、促改革、調結構、惠民生、防風險工作,推動中國經濟保持中高速增長、邁向中高端水準。
The Chinese economy faces downward pressure and many difficulties, including acute mismatch between excess capacity and an upgrading demand structure, lack of internal driving force for growth, accumulation of financial risks, and growing challenges in certain regions. We see these as temporary hardships that occur on the way forward. And the measures we have taken to address these problems are producing good results. We are firm in our resolve to forge ahead. China is the world’s largest developing country with over 1.3 billion people, and their living standards are not yet high. But this reality also means China has enormous potential and space for development. Guided by the vision of innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared development, we will adapt to the new normal, stay ahead of the curve, and make coordinated efforts to maintain steady growth, accelerate reform, adjust economic structure, improve people’s living standards and fend off risks. With these efforts, we aim to achieve medium-high rate of growth and upgrade the economy to higher end of the value chain.

——中國將著力提升經濟增長品質和效益,圍繞供給側結構性改革這條主線,轉變經濟發展方式,優化經濟結構,積極推進去產能、去庫存、去槓桿、降成本、補短板,培育增長新動能,發展先進製造業,實現實體經濟升級,深入實施互聯網+”行動計畫,擴大有效需求,更好滿足人們個性化、多樣化的需求,更好保護生態環境。

— China will strive to enhance the performance of economic growth. We will pursue supply-side structural reform as the general goal, shift the growth model and upgrade the economic structure. We will continue to cut overcapacity, reduce inventory, deleverage financing, reduce cost and strengthen weak links. We will foster new drivers of growth, develop an advanced manufacturing sector and upgrade the real economy. We will implement the Internet Plus action plan to boost effective demand and better meet the individualized and diverse needs of consumers. And we will do more to protect the ecosystem.

——中國將不斷激發增長動力和市場活力,加大重要領域和關鍵環節改革力度,讓市場在資源配置中起決定性作用,牽住創新這個牛鼻子,推進創新驅動發展戰略,推動戰略性新興產業發展,注重用新技術新業態改造提升傳統產業,促進新動能發展壯大、傳統動能煥發生機。
— China will boost market vitality to add new impetus to growth. We will intensify reform efforts in priority areas and key links and enable the market to play a decisive role in resources allocation. Innovation will continue to feature prominently on our growth agenda. In pursuing the strategy of innovation-driven development, we will bolster the strategic emerging industries, apply new technologies and foster new business models to upgrade traditional industries; and we will boost new drivers of growth and revitalize traditional ones.

——中國將積極營造寬鬆有序的投資環境,放寬外商投資准入,建設高標準自由貿易試驗區,加強產權保護,促進公平競爭,讓中國市場更加透明、更加規範。預計未來5年,中國將進口8萬億美元的商品、吸收6000億美元的外來投資,對外投資總額將達到7500億美元,出境旅遊將達到7億人次。這將為世界各國提供更廣闊市場、更充足資本、更豐富產品、更寶貴合作契機。對各國工商界而言,中國發展仍然是大家的機遇。中國的大門對世界始終是打開的,不會關上。開著門,世界能夠進入中國,中國也才能走向世界。我們希望,各國的大門也對中國投資者公平敞開。
— China will foster an enabling and orderly environment for investment. We will expand market access for foreign investors, build high-standard pilot free trade zones, strengthen protection of property rights, and level the playing field to make China’s market more transparent and better regulated. In the coming five years, China is expected to import eight trillion US dollars of goods, attract 600 billion US dollars of foreign investment and make 750 billion US dollars of outbound investment. Chinese tourists will make 700 million overseas visits. All this will create a bigger market, more capital, more products and more business opportunities for other countries. China’s development will continue to offer opportunities to business communities in other countries. China will keep its door wide open and not close it. An open door allows both other countries to access the Chinese market and China itself to integrate with the world. And we hope that other countries will also keep their door open to Chinese investors and keep the playing field level for us.

——中國將大力建設共同發展的對外開放格局,推進亞太自由貿易區建設和區域全面經濟夥伴關係協定談判,構建面向全球的自由貿易區網路。中國一貫主張建設開放透明、互利共贏的區域自由貿易安排,而不是搞排他性、碎片化的小圈子。中國無意通過人民幣貶值提升貿易競爭力,更不會主動打貨幣戰。
— China will vigorously foster an external environment of opening-up for common development. We will advance the building of the Free Trade Area of the Asia Pacific and negotiations of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership to form a global network of free trade arrangements. China stands for concluding open, transparent and win-win regional free trade arrangements and opposes forming exclusive groups that are fragmented in nature. China has no intention to boost its trade competitiveness by devaluing the RMB, still less will it launch a currency war.

3年多前,我提出了一帶一路倡議。3年多來,已經有100多個國家和國際組織積極回應支援,40多個國家和國際組織同中國簽署合作協定,一帶一路朋友圈正在不斷擴大。中國企業對沿線國家投資達到500多億美元,一系列重大專案落地開花,帶動了各國經濟發展,創造了大量就業機會。可以說,一帶一路倡議來自中國,但成效惠及世界。
Over three years ago, I put forward the “Belt and Road” initiative. Since then, over 100 countries and international organizations have given warm responses and support to the initiative. More than 40 countries and international organizations have signed cooperation agreements with China, and our circle of friends along the “Belt and Road” is growing bigger. Chinese companies have made over 50 billion US dollars of investment and launched a number of major projects in the countries along the routes, spurring the economic development of these countries and creating many local jobs. The “Belt and Road” initiative originated in China, but it has delivered benefits well beyond its borders.

今年5月,中國將在北京主辦一帶一路國際合作高峰論壇,共商合作大計,共建合作平臺,共用合作成果,為解決當前世界和區域經濟面臨的問題尋找方案,為實現聯動式發展注入新能量,讓一帶一路建設更好造福各國人民。
In May this year, China will host in Beijing the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, which aims to discuss ways to boost cooperation, build cooperation platforms and share cooperation outcomes. The forum will also explore ways to address problems facing global and regional economy, create fresh energy for pursuing inter-connected development and make the “Belt and Road” initiative deliver greater benefits to people of countries involved.

女士們、先生們、朋友們!
Ladies and Gentlemen, Dear Friends,

世界歷史發展告訴我們,人類文明進步歷程從來沒有平坦的大道可走,人類就是在同困難的鬥爭中前進的。再大的困難,都不可能阻擋人類前行的步伐。遇到了困難,不要埋怨自己,不要指責他人,不要放棄信心,不要逃避責任,而是要一起來戰勝困難。歷史是勇敢者創造的。讓我們拿出信心、採取行動,攜手向著未來前進!
World history shows that the road of human civilization has never been a smooth one, and that mankind has made progress by surmounting difficulties. No difficulty, however daunting, will stop mankind from advancing. When encountering difficulties, we should not complain about ourselves, blame others, lose confidence or run away from responsibilities. We should join hands and rise to the challenge. History is created by the brave. Let us boost confidence, take actions and march arm-in-arm toward a bright future.

謝謝大家。
Thank you!



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  1. 以西方資本主義為骨幹的經濟論壇,居然讓中國共產黨主席習近平來演說倡導自由市場的貿易世界,還有比這更怪的事嗎?川普捅到中南海的要害了!試問,此後中國的廉勞代工產品賣給誰?透過一帶一路?亞投行?沿途都比中國窮,買得起?難不成北京要當聖誕老公公?只要山姆大帝不買,你龍爺再怎麼耍弄也搞不出名堂啦!

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  2. 中國早就是第二大經濟體,已經準備超越美國,靠內需加上周邊友邦就自己自足。中國不輸出饑荒和難民,打擊恐怖主義和極端教派,近來更建造海上長城收復被帝國主義踐踏的內海,難道國際社會還能推責於全球化問題到中國嗎?

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  3. 中國早就是第二大經濟體,已經準備超越美國,靠內需加上周邊友邦就自己自足。

    中國不輸出饑荒和難民,打擊恐怖主義和極端教派,近來更建造海上長城收復被踐踏的內海,難道國際社會又要推全球化問題到中國上嗎?

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  4. 中國早就是第二大經濟體,已經準備超越美國,靠內需加上周邊友邦就自己自足。中國不輸出饑荒和難民,打擊恐怖主義和極端教派,

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  5. 近來更建造海上長城收復被帝國主義踐踏的內海 ,揚我中華民族之威,難道國際社會還敢推責全球化問題到中國上嗎?

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  6. 套用八卦酸民的話,美國養母豬已經很不爽了,要斷金援了。
    母豬高估自己的能力及貢獻、低估自己給別人添的麻煩,不歧視她們就是歧視待人其他人。

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  7. http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1072380

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  8. http://m.ltn.com.tw/news/world/breakingnews/1950879

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