God created in pairs.
領海的無害通過的禁止項目：(a) any threat or use of force against the sovereignty, territorial integrity or political independence of the coastal State, or in any other manner in violation of the principles of international law embodied in the Charter of the United Nations;(b) any exercise or practice with weapons of any kind;(c) any act aimed at collecting information to the prejudice of the defence or security of the coastal State;(d) any act of propaganda aimed at affecting the defence or security of the coastal State;(e) the launching, landing or taking on board of any aircraft;(f) the launching, landing or taking on board of any military device;(g) the loading or unloading of any commodity, currency or person contrary to the customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws and regulations of the coastal State;(h) any act of wilful and serious pollution contrary to this Convention;(i) any fishing activities;(j) the carrying out of research or survey activities;(k) any act aimed at interfering with any systems of communication or any other facilities or installations of the coastal State;(l) any other activity not having a direct bearing on passage.
the USA and USSR, issued in 1989 a Joint Statement on the Uniform Interpretation of Rules of International Law Governing Innocent Passage, which provided as follows:“All ships, including warships, regardless of cargo, armament, or means of propulsion enjoy the right of innocent passage through the territorial sea in accordance with international law, for which neither prior notification nor authorization is required.”
還要加上 UNCLOS s18:.... 2. Passage shall be continuous and expeditious. .....之前上海洋法課老師'強調基本原則是"連續不斷 快速通過"具體做法包括 武器上砲衣 等