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2015-07-25

強徵中國勞工 三菱賠償逾20億○自由(2015.07.25)

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Holocaust Restitution: German Reparations

In 1999, in response to the filing of numerous class action lawsuits in American courts, the German government and German industry agreed to compensate Jews and non-Jews specifically fo slave and forced labor they performed for German industry during the war.  Among the German industries that came under the lawsuits were Deutsche Bank AG, Siemens, BMW, Volkswagen, and Opel. In return for the dismissal of all such lawsuits and the guaranteeing German industry "legal peace" from any such further litigation, the German government created a foundation - "Remembrance, Responsibility and the Future" - with assets of approximately $5 billion.  Slave and forced laborers still alive at the time of the settlement could apply to receive a lump sum payment of between $2,500 and $7,500 from the foundation; in all, over 140,000 Jewish survivors from more than 25 countries received payments.  Final payments from the Foundation were to be made by September 2006.

中华人民共和国政府日本国政府联合声明
()中华人民共和国政府宣布:为了中日两国人民的友好,放弃对日本国的战争赔偿要求。


強徵中國勞工 三菱賠償逾20億○自由社(2015.07.25)
〔編譯周虹汶/綜合報導〕日本「三菱(Mitsubishi)集團」旗下核心企業「三菱綜合材料株式會社」之前身「三菱礦業」於二戰期間強徵中國勞工,三菱材料已決定道歉並與中國受害者談判團簽署全面和解協議,補償三七六五位受害者每人十萬人民幣(約五十一萬台幣),補償人數創日本企業戰後賠償紀錄之最。

每人補償約51 人數創日企戰後最多
日本《共同社》二十三日報導,上述協議近期將於北京簽署,內容包括:三菱材料將對受害人及其遺屬表達「誠摯歉意」且「痛徹反省」,並支付補償金;另提供紀念碑建設費一億日圓,以及失蹤勞工調查費用二億日圓。賠償總額估計高達八十億日圓(逾二十億台幣)

三菱材料坦承「侵害人權的歷史事實」:日本內閣於二戰期間曾決議把中國勞工「移入」日本勞動,受害者達三萬九千人,約有七千人罹難。三菱礦業及承包公司當時接收三七六五人,目前僅有十餘人健在,尚有約二千三百人下落不明。

日本官房長官菅義偉二十四日不願評論民間企業的訴訟,僅重申政府一貫立場,指出索賠權問題「已在法律上得到解決」。根據一九七二年《中日建交公報》,中國政府放棄對日本的戰爭賠償要求,日本政府否定個人索賠權。


中國受害奴工一九九年代後期開始陸續對日本政府與企業索賠,雖皆遭駁回,但強制徵用與勞動事實相繼獲得認定,日本最高法院更在二○○七年四月於判決「附言」罕見裁示「期待朝著受害救濟努力」。三菱材料本次主動道歉及提出金錢補償,已創日本企業首例。

1 則留言:

  1. 那台灣原住民被強徵勞役,是否也要賠償認錯呢?

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